<h1 title="absolutely nothing?">The Title attribute - what is it good for?</h1>
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<a id="a1" name="a1" title="example element" href="example.html"></a>
"The power of the Web is in its universality.
Access by everyone regardless of disability is an essential aspect."
-- Tim Berners-Lee, W3C
He also said... in the HTML 2.0 specifications:
"Title (attribute) - suggests a title for the destination resource --- advisory only.
The Title attribute may be used:
for display prior to accessing the destination resource, for example, as a margin note or on a small box while the mouse is over the anchor, or while the document is being loaded;"
"Do not assume that the link title will look the same for all users. Indeed, auditory browsers will read the text aloud and not display it visually. Different browsers will display link titles in very different ways"
2.3.2 Accessibility"As the Web community grows and its members diversify in their abilities and skills, it is crucial that the underlying technologies be appropriate to their specific needs. HTML has been designed to make Web pages more accessible to those with physical limitations. HTML 4 developments inspired by concerns for accessibility include:"
"Support for the TITLE and lang attributes on all elements."
"This attribute offers advisory information about the element for which it is set."
|Browser||Title Display||Other behaviours||Example Display|
Explorer 5.x and up
TITLE text on form controls elements disappears after approximately 5 seconds
Ignores TITLE attribute on all page elements.
Netscape 6.x and up, Firefox
pop-up displays TITLE text and URL of link.
Safari 1.3.1 & 2.0.1
TITLE text disappears after approximately 5 seconds
How does the use of the TITLE attribute effect users with disabilities - Includes users with a physical or cognitive disability or vision loss, whether or not they are users of Assistive Technology?
Checkpoint 13.1 of the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines [WCAG 1.0]
"Clearly identify the target of each link. Link text should be meaningful enough to make sense when read out of context -- either on its own or as part of a sequence of links."
"Link text - The rendered text content of a link".
A list of 82 links, 65 of which have TITLE attributes from Facts and Opinions About PDF Accessibility
|Link text||TITLE text||Link target clearly identified for Screen reader users [default settings]||Link target clearly identified for JAWS Screen reader users with JAWS 'use TITLE' option enabled|
|The Alliance for the Equality of Blind Canadians||AEBC||yes||no|
|S5||S5: A Simple Standards-Based Slide Show System||no||yes|
Digital Formats for Library of Congress Collections
|2001||31 May 2001||no||no|
JAWS for Windows 4.02 Features and Enhancements
|later||Window-Eyes 5.0 Manual||no||yes|
|14 MB .exe||New Features in JAWS 5.0||no||yes|
At higher magnification levels it is difficult if not impossible to read more than a few words of a TITLE text.
|TITLE text||Example Display at 600% screen magnification|
|S5: A Simple Standards-Based Slide Show System|
|JAWS for Windows 4.02 Features and Enhancements|
|UA Guidelines Review of IBM Home Page Reader|
Don't use them on any element to convey important information unless you provide device independent access to the information
Thanks for listening, if you have any questions I will be around...
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